Lisbon, Portugal

This view of the Tagus River is taken from the medieval maze of the Alfama district.

Once the launch pad for many of the voyages of discovery (notably Vasco da Gama's epic journey to India), Lisbon was the first true world city, the capital of an empire spreading over all continents, from South America (Brazil) to Asia (Macao, China; Goa, India).

The Navigators’ Monument, Lisbon

The Monument resembles a ship on the shoreline of the Tagus River. It commemorates the great age of Portuguese colonial discovery. Here begin the routes of Prince Henry the Navigator and Ferdinand Magellan.

Under the sponsorship of the great kings John II and Emanuel, Portuguese explorers set out to chart and take possession of new lands in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Their expeditions laid the basis of the Portuguese Empire.

Portugal remained neutral during World War II. The port of Lisbon became both a haven and a port of embarkation for refugees from all over Europe.

Navigators' Monument

San Marino