Vatican Museum

The Vatican Museum
Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest independent state in the world in terms of inhabitants and size. It occupies an area of 44 hectares. The borders are represented by its walls and the travertine pavement curve that joins the two wings of the colonnades in St Peter’s Square.

The complex contains five hundred-years of art collections which are visited by more than three million people a year.

Today, the Vatican Museums are a complex of different pontifical museums and galleries that began under the patronage of the popes.

Sistine Chapel Ceiling
The Vatican Museum

The Sistine Chapel ceiling was painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512. It is considered to be one of the most renowned artworks of the High Renaissance. The ceiling is that of the large Sistine Chapel built by Pope Sixtus IV.

Central to the ceiling decoration are nine scenes from the Book of Genesis of which the Creation of Adam is the best known. It has an iconic standing equalled only by Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa. The hands of God and Adam have been reproduced in countless imitations.

The ceiling's painted elements comprise part of a larger scheme of decoration within the Sistine Chapel.The large fresco of the Last Judgement on the sanctuary wall is by Michelangelo. Wall paintings by several other artists represent scenes of prophets and saints from the Bible. A set of large tapestries by Raphael illustrates Catholic Church doctrine.

Sistine Chapel